Techs New Frontier For Space Exploration.

Imagine being 220 miles above the Earths surface when all of a sudden,blam, that extremely intricate, highly specialized and expensive part you need to complete you extremely specialized missions task up and breaks. Going back is out of the question,and not completing you experiment makes the trip a near failure. This is where space exploration was for a long, long time. However today N.A.S.A is asking “why not just print the part?” Across the board new frontiers are being embarked on in Tech norms.

In 2014 There we American astronauts for the first time who were able to print a tool, a ratchet wrench to be more specific. Using a design that N.A.S.A sent the file for from the Ground they were able to send the G-codes while the vessel flew through space at free fall speeds. If it seems like this is straight out of science fiction, well it kind of is. This is the principle to the Star Trek replicators, which allow the rapid creation of goods and materials at a moments notice to reduce the storage demand and allows for quick response to unforeseen problems. wrrn
“Unlike packaged food that floats in zero gravity conditions eD printed food can be neatly formed and ordered, said CEO of BeeHex Anjan Contractor. This man is posed with the task of developing a machine that can 3D print a pizza for space. This is going to be an even more difficult task than you might imagine given that fact that without the existence of gravity as an orientation point it makes it extremely difficult to 3D print at all. The existence of the food being 3D printable is that on the missions the individual Astronauts dietary needs are specific to themselves alone it is difficult to store and create meals for each person individually, not to mention not having a way to think of the fly and make changes is the health of the astronaut suddenly changes and the old food would not be optimal. With 3D printing allowing for an extremely high level of quality control and fine tuning they will be aloud to make changes on the fly and get the individual what they need. bnfghgh

When this is considered for what the future of manufacturing or production will look like in space the future seems very promising, considering the fact that in the future material mined from old satellites and even meteors and other space debris could be harvested as a means to be the basis of 3D printed products. The implications of this are huge, and remove much of the traditional problems we consider when thinking of space exploration. Mainly how to get materials out of the initial pull of the earths gravity out into the outer atmosphere. “a lot of the times the printed parts will need some cleanup work before they can be used” said Jeremy Irons Mechanical design engineer at Creative Engineering. Still that alone as being a means to do the heavy lifting of building in space is very promising and will be the future of what we think of when we think of space travel.

How Digital Surveillance Works in Other Nations

The encryption debate between Apple CEO Tim Cook and the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) continues to rage, and other nations are taking notice.

Just yesterday, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Prince Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein cautioned the American government regarding the precedent it might be setting depending on how it moves forward with the investigation.

“In order to address a security-related issue related to encryption in one case, the authorities risk unlocking a Pandora’s Box that could have extremely damaging implications for the human rights of many millions of people, including their physical and financial security,” he warned.

It’ snot that the High Commissioner for Human Rights doesn’t support the FBI in its investigation of the tragic San Bernardino attacks; on the contrary, he has stated that the FBI deserves support in its efforts to combat terrorism through finding more information about recruitment, deployment of teams, and the like. However, he also believes that the forced decryption of consumer information by the government by the biggest tech country in the world could enable more rogue countries to crack down on their own citizens, who might need encryption to safely dissent to human rights violations enacted by their totalitarian governments.

For this very reason, the United States is not the first country to pressure Google and BlackBerry to expose customer information for the sake of mass surveillance, as Al-Hussein pointed out.

pakistan internet censorship

Just last year, the Pakistani government ran into a heated debate with Blackberry during which Blackberry threatened to pull its presence from Pakistan all together rather than comply with the government’s demand to access its servers for the sake of surveillance. In addition, the Pakistan Telecommunications Authority requires that private users receive prior approval for the use of VPNs and encryption.

Google has faced pressure from China to censor its search engines, and China apparently requires all encryption products sold and used within the state to adhere to government-approved algorithms that haven’t been peer reviewed for security.

In Iran, all IP addresses operating from within the country must be publicly registered, and those using cybercafes are required to provide their real names when using a computer.

Bolivia and Brazil prohibit anonymous speech all together.

Even Germany’s central bank, Buba, requires that those using encryption receive regulatory authority.

internet censorship

A variety of studies have been done regarding the relationship between consumer access to encryption and human rights, with the general trend being a lack of access to encryption being correlated to increased government surveillance and decreased human rights. A fair amount of privacy and human rights advocates have pointed this out.

“The high commissioner is right to raise concerns about the serious global human rights ramifications of this case,” Jamil Dakwar, director of the ACLU Human Rights Program, stated in support. He reiterated the risk of “helping authoritarian regimes, as well as the threat to privacy and cybersecurity for millions around the world.”

Spokesperson for the Electronic Frontier Foundation Karen Gullo had this to say: “We believe that compelling Apple to build a backdoor for its own product actually undermines the security and personal safety of millions of Americans and others around the world, especially those living under authoritarian regimes… by creating the legal precedent, by weakening the trust users have in software updates supposedly authorized by companies, and by building the technology itself.”