Driverless Car Needs Licensed Drivers According to CA DMV

The unexpected invention of driverless cars has come without any real legislation to govern how such technological advancements can be incorporated into a more slowly-changing society on the road.

Law makers seem unsure how to cope with the new phenomenon, but in a knee-jerk reaction announced on Wednesday, the California Department of Motor Vehicles published draft regulations that claimed that truly driverless cars should be initially excluded from operation and that a fully licensed driver must be behind the wheel of a car with autopilot features.

urmsonChris Urmson is the director of Google’s self-driving car development team. He wrote a reaction to his potential legislation in his blog, claiming that the laws were “perplexing” and undermined the entire purpose of self-driving cars, which is to transport people without forcing them to drive.

“This maintains the same old status quo and falls short on allowing this technology to reach its full potential…” he complained. “[All the] while excluding those who need to get around but cannot drive.”

“We’ve heart countless stories from people who need a fully self-driving car today,” he continued. “People with health conditions ranging from vision problems to multiple sclerosis to autism to epilepsy who are frustrated with their dependence on others for even simple errands.”

Google argues that driverless cars should be allowed to proliferate as quickly as possible, especially since they are able to navigate busy streets more safely than most human drivers. According to Google, the cars eliminate the potential for human error that is responsible for most collisions.

According to google, its self-driving vehicles have been on the road for 6 years of testing and have only gotten in 16 minor incidents, each of which with human drivers to blame.

“We’ve seen in our own testing that drivers can’t be trusted to dip in and out of the task of driving when the car is encouraging them to sit back and relax,” explained Urmson.

Whether or not a licensed driver is in the front seat of a self-driving Google car is even less consequential for the newer self-driving cars Google is putting out; they don’t even have manual controls like steering wheels and ignition/brake pedals.

According to the DMV, residents could not ride in one of these cars until their safety could be assessed in “subsequent regulatory packages.”

According to the DMV, their draft regulations are an attempt “to address complex questions related to vehicle safety, certification, operator responsibilities, licensing and registration, privacy, and cybersecurity.”

self driving car3They plan to hold a public consultation on their most recently released draft at some point in 2016. They’re likely to get a lot of push back from those who don’t have licenses and see the driverless car as a way to maintain their independence.

Self-driving features are now necessary to any member of the auto industry attempting to remain relevant. Ford recently announced that it had obtained the proper permits to begin test driving its own driverless cars throughout California. Ford’s vehicles will have manual controls and an autopilot feature.

Internet Basics; Take Your First Step Towards Understanding What’s Happening Off-Screen

A very small proportion of the population knows about even the basic infrastructure responsible for the internet. If you’re interested in kindling this knowledge in yourself, here’s a brief description of what’s going on:

When you type in the URL (uniform resource locator) of a specific website into your web browser and press enter, your computer connects to a Web server and requests that specific page. Let’s break down that specific part of the process. Your web browser started by organizing the URL you entered into three different parts: the protocol, the server name, and the file name. If you were to be interested in viewing the webpage, the protocol is www, the server name is and file name is news/technology.

htmlYour browser sent a GET request to the BBC server, requesting specifically news/technology. The BBC server registered the request and in response sent the appropriate HTML tags to your computer, formatting the page for your specific screen.

As you can see, to comprehend even the base level processes responsible for the internet, you have to develop a certain vocabulary. At this point you may even be realizing that your working definition for the internet is starting to look a little empty. Just know this: the internet is a word that refers to the connection of millions of computers and the data that that interconnection allows any one computer to access. When you surf the web, you’re looking through documents and web pages that are saved on particular physical devices and then delivered to you through the use of those servers, which act as the middlemen.

The network connecting to these individual computers range in size and strength (from home networks to the local area networks generally possessed by large businesses), but they all ultimately connect to web servers.

web serverOk but what is a web server? All machines connected to the internet can be categorized as either servers or clients. If you’re simply accessing the internet and not providing access to anyone else, your device is a client. The exact service provided by a server can vary. It might have software running on it that allows it to act as a Web server, an email server or a FTP (file transfer protocol) server. Yahoo! is a well-known service provider that allows people to use its many large machines for the sake of web browsing and email.

Your device and every other device with internet access capabilities has a 32-bit number IP address. It’s all you need to talk to a server and receive information back.

A little about domain names: they’re human-readable and memorable for easy operation. The name supplies information regarding the host name (www), the domain name (bbc) and the top-level domain name (com). Verisign is a registrar that manages .com and .net domain names and makes sure that no domain names are copied to avoid mix-ups.

Then there’s domain name servers (DNS) that help to map the human-readable names to their IP addresses. When you type into your web browser, it will extract the domain name, run it through a domain name server and find the correct IP address for the device that possesses the page you want. This process may actually involve multiple servers, like the name server for the “com” top-level domain, which will then know the server for the host names, which may in turn actually understand the actual IP address for the howstuffworks server machine.